“A Minesweeper”

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When I was growing up, I knew very little about my dad’s time in the Navy. Beyond seeing photos of him dressed in his Navy Blues when he married my mom, his Navy history was only a vague notion to me. I knew only two things, really: 1. that he’d helped pull some men out of the ocean; and B. that he was on a minesweeper. Of course, my adolescent brain conflated those two facts… that while he was on the minesweeper, he helped pull men from shark-infested ocean waters. (I’m pretty sure that the sharks were my idea.)

To be honest, this ignorance of his service lasted well into my thirties. OK… to really be honest, it lasted until after I’d turned 60, when I began investigating the events of 11 May 1944, when the ship he was aboard at the time, the USS Zircon (PY-16), came to the aid of a burning, exploding Navy lighter, the USS YF-415, just outside Boston Harbor. (I write about that here.)

It wasn’t until I began this research that I learned that his role in the rescue of fourteen men from the YF-415 took place when he was aboard a weather-reporting ship, the Zircon, and not a minesweeper. Of the three and a-half years he served in the Navy, his time aboard the minesweeper, the USS YMS-75, accounted for less than five months of his total duty. I find it curious that his most exciting, consequential moments in the Navy came while he was aboard the Zircon, but he chose to tell me that he worked on “a minesweeper.”

As with my research with the Zircon, I hope to find out about the ninety to a hundred men who served on the YMS-75 during its nearly three-and-a-half years as a Navy vessel. I hope to uncover photos, maybe even some of my dad.

First, the bare essentials of the YMS-75‘s history and specifications (via NavSource Online):
• Built by: Weaver Brothers Shipyards (Orange, Texas)
• Ordered: 1 April 1941
• Laid down 22 July 1941
• Launched 26 May 1942
• Commissioned 22 February 1943
• Decommissioned 18 July 1945
• Transferred to the USSR on 19 July 1945 and reclassified T-590
• Assigned to the Northern Pacific Fleet 30 July 1945
• Participated in the 11 – 25 August 1945 offensive, Yuzhno-Sakhalin, Japan
• Placed out of service 1 September 1955 and laid up
• Struck from the Soviet Navy list 25 June 1956
• Sunk in the Tartar Strait between 28 – 30 June 1956 (in agreement with the United States)
• Struck from the Naval Registry 29 October 1956


The ship’s specifications…
Displacement: 270 tons
Length: 136 feet (41.4528 meters)
Beam: 24.5 feet (7.47 meters)
Draft: 8 feet (2.4 meters)
Speed: 15 knots
Complement: 32
Armament: One 3″/50 dual purpose gun mount, two 20mm mounts, and two depth charge projectors
Propulsion: Two 880bhp General Motors 8-268A diesel engines, Snow and Knobstedt single reduction gear, two shafts.


Minesweepers with hull numbers YMS-66 through YMS-75 were built at Weaver Brothers Shipyards in Orange, Texas, just across the Sabine River from Louisiana. Likely, the ships were identical or very close to it. Below are the YMS-72, YMS-71, and YMS-74.

yms-72yms-71yms-74
As best as I can tell, the YMS-75’s Commanding Officer at the time it was commissioned was Lieutenant Richard Rex Parkin, USNR.

 



Putting Names With Faces

When I first attempted to make contact with those whose fathers served with mine on the YMS-75, I made phone calls. It’s a weird thing to be a blend of extrovert and introvert. I generally have no problems talking to strangers, but calling someone from out of the blue and asking about his or her father can be a bit daunting. That’s why I created the postcard, so that I can make contact using something a bit more tangible than my voice over the telephone, or an e-mail. That said, I managed to get over that wee bit of anxiety and made a handful of calls. One of those calls was to Fred Coldwell, whose father, Ferdinand (Fred) Kennedy Coldwell, was one of only three men who were on board the ship from the day it was commissioned on 22 February 1943 until it was handed over to the Soviet Union on 18 July 1945.

We spoke for at least a half-hour, during which Fred, to my surprised delight, told me of his and his brother Bob’s years of research into the YMS-75, AND that he had a photograph of it… AND that he had a group photograph of the crew. I have said elsewhere with regard to finding photos of my father from his time aboard the USS Zircon (PY-16) that I’d never known existed is like finding gold, which is again how I felt when I received the photos via email from Fred’s brother Bob.

While my dad’s face doesn’t appear in the group photo, it was nonetheless great to be able to see faces of twenty-five of the approximately eighty-five to ninety men who served on the ship over the course of its two and a half years as a Navy vessel; men whose names I’ve seen on muster rolls (and my spreadsheet) for the past year or so. I now had one name, Coldwell, matched with one face.

Before I’d received the photo, though, I’d made a call to Joyce Etheridge, daughter of Carse Lester Etheridge, another of the men who served on board for the entire commission of the ship. In our conversation, she revealed that her father’s nickname was “Moon.” She gave her e-mail address to me, and once I received the group photo, I shared it with her and she was able to pick out her father. Two down.

It took me a little more more than a week to receive the postcards from the printer, and I started sending out a handful at a time. After I mailed out my first batch, I was contacted by Harold Legrand Huffstetler’s son, Glenn, who identified his father. He also told me that he had the photo on the postcard, but that it was a mirror image of the card. So, I was feeling pretty giddy already at the prospects of receiving additional phone calls or emails.

Since then, I’ve been able to identify eleven additional faces, two of which are educated guesses: Olander Willis Berry (Ck3c), who served from 1 April 1943 until 2 July 1945, making him one of the longer serving sailors on the ship (Berry is the only Black sailor in the photo); and Owen Lee Stitt, Jr. (S1c), based on his high school senior photo which I’d found via Ancestry.

Owen Lee Stitt, Jr.’s high school senior picture (flipped left to right) and #14
Crew of the YMS-75, photo taken possibly as it was passing through the Panama Canal

Because I don’t have deck logs yet, I don’t know when Lt. (j.g.) Arthur James McCourt handed over command of the ship to Lt. (j.g.) Kenneth Donald Dunckel. McCourt is in the photo (#25) and I have a suspicion that Dunckel (Executive Officer under McCourt) is #1, but I’ve not yet heard from Dunckel’s relatives.

According to Muster Rolls/Reports of Changes, it appears that the YMS-75 began making its way to the west coast sometime after 10 March 1945, which is the last date someone (Richard Gerard O’Connor) was transferred off the ship until 28 April 1945, when Cecil Monroe Shutt was transferred, in Seattle.

The quarterly Muster Roll from 31 March 1945, which, of course, was taken between those two dates, and signed by Commanding Officer Dunckel and Executive Officer Lt. (j.g.) Charles Edwin Pittman, Jr. lists the following enlisted men. Those names who have been identified (or surmised) are in bold and have numbers following them which refer to the numbers I’ve overlaid on the photo. Those who are definitely not in the photo have an asterisk in front of their names.

Joseph Assevado, Jr. (#12)
Henry William Becker
James Edward Beigh (#23)
Olander Willis Berry (#5)
Charles Joseph Blum
Ferdinand (“Fred”) Kennedy Coldwell (#24)
*Sterling Douglas Cooke
Irwyn John Correll
Carse (“Moon”) Laster Etheridge (#9)
Beryl (“Pinky”) Frederick Gabbert (#3)
Joseph Andrew Garneau
Raymond Albert Gaskins
Thomas James Gillen
Daniel Francis Hines
Harold Legrand Huffstetler (#8)
*Kenneth Kay King
John Kozel (#6)
John William Lozier
Paul Lee McNinney (#18)
Richard Melerine (#19)
Stanley Raymond Milavec
William Palichak
*John Bell Power
Eugene Joseph Ratto
John (“Jack”) Richard Shea (#4)
Cecil Monroe Shutt
Joseph Holmes Smyth (#13)
Owen Lee Stitt, Jr.
Edward Adolph Trzaskowski
Wilfred Andrew Walsh
Harold Wheeler
Frank John Zanino

Cooke’s son has told me his dad isn’t in the photo, and Joseph Garneau’s daughters have told me that King and their father were best friends, so they’re able to confirm he’s not in the photo. I also spoke with Edward Adolph Trzaskowski’s son who said his dad’s not in the group. And, of course, my dad’s not in the photo. I’m waiting to hear back from Irwyn John Correll’s sister, whose husband I spoke with today. Also today, Joseph Assevado’s son Malcom called me and confirmed that his father is #12.)

I hope to hear from those who have received postcards in the last couple of weeks to get in touch so that I can identify a few more faces. Otherwise, I suppose I’ll have to start making phone calls after all.

Update (26 September 2020): I received an email from the great grandson of Beryl Frederick Gabbert, who identified him as #3 in the photo.

James Lee Dotson

I have been researching the two ships my father served on during World War II for several years now. In that time, I have come across some interesting things regarding the sailors’ lives before or after the war. Most appear to have returned to fairly normal lives after the war, some have gone on to be pretty important people in society, even famous, and I’ve discovered a few tragedies along the way.

Until today, however, I’d not come across any of the sailors on either the Zircon or the YMS-75 that had been killed in action.

Combat Naval Casualties, World War II

James Lee Dotson was a YMS-75 Plank Owner, one of twenty-five enlisted men (and three officers, I believe) who served as the ship’s crew when it was commissioned on 22 February 1943. His rating on the first muster roll was MAtt2c, or Mess Attendant, Second Class. On the day of his transfer on the 1st of April, his rating was StM2c, or Steward’s Mate, Second Class. There was no Report of Change marking the change in rating, so I looked through a website I’ve been using to learn what the various rating abbreviations stand for, but it didn’t list Mess Attendant. A second site I keep handy explained it:

The Messman Branch, responsible for feeding and serving officers, was a racially segregated part of the U.S. Navy. White sailors could not serve in the Messman Branch, which was composed almost exclusively of African-Americans recruited in the U.S. and Filipino, Chinese and other foreign nationals who had been recruited overseas into the U.S. Asiatic Fleet. This attracted criticism from civil rights leaders during the war, and the Roosevelt administration was under some pressure to address this inequality. Some steps were taken throughout the war, but the navy’s leadership proved resistant to major change. In February 1943 the name of the branch was changed to Steward Branch, the word “officer’s” was dropped from rate titles, and “mess attendant” became “steward’s mate.”

Dotson went from the YMS-75 to a series of sub chasers, the SC-1064, the PC-595, and then to the PC-488.

PC-488

He was received on the PC-488 on 4 December 1943 and he died six days later. He was 17. Perhaps he wasn’t actually killed in action… maybe he had an accident on board. I couldn’t find any reports of his death in newspapers, nor could I find any mention of the ship in newspaper archives. I don’t know if he had any family beyond his parents.

His name, though, is engraved in the East Coast Memorial in Battery Park in Manhattan, New York City.

East Coast Memorial, Battery Park, New York CIty

Postcards

Recently, I’ve begun sending out postcards to relatives of YMS-75 sailors. I continue to try to locate them and contact them by email if I can, but I’ve had some success with sending postcards to USS Zircon sailors’ relatives, so perhaps it will work with YMS people as well. It helps that I now have photographs that I can use to make a more compelling (I hope) postcard. Unlike the Zircon cards, I’ve included a printed message on the card that is general in nature, versus hand-writing notes specific to Zircon sailors. It’s primarily a time-saving device, but also, I can fit more words on the card in printed form. I’ve left spaces for writing in the sailors’ names as well as for my signature. I’ll be sending out my first batch this week, starting with the sailors who were aboard the ship at the same time as my dad.

So, if you’ve come here because you received the below postcard, welcome! Please get in touch. If you happen to have photographs or anything related to the YMS-75, I’d love to see it.

I goofed… the text should read USS YMS-75 History Project.

Discovery

I haven’t spent nearly as much time tracking down the families of YMS-75 sailors as I have trying to locate USS Zircon (PY-16) families. My dad was only on the YMS-75 for about five months, and his time aboard the Zircon had been more consequential as best as I know, so I’ve spent more time looking into that ship’s history. Also, over four hundred men came and went during the Zircon’s five-year commission—about two hundred and fifty while my dad was aboard—versus only about eighty during the YMS-75’s three-year commission. About half of them were on board with my dad at any given time.

But occasionally, I take a break from the Zircon searches to look up YMS-75 sailors, and a couple of days ago, I spoke with the son of one of the ship’s Plank Owners who served for the ship’s entire commission. As it happens, he and his brother have been looking into the YMS-75 for years. And yesterday, I received a photo of the ship at dock, location and date unknown.

USS YMS-75

It was like finding gold.

So, it appears that I’ll have to re-double my efforts to contact families of YMS-75 sailors, particularly those few who were aboard during its entire time as a United States Navy vessel, but also the families of officers, who were most likely to have had photographs taken of them and/or their charge.

Decommissioning

The YMS-75 was decommissioned on 18 July 1945 in Bremerton, Washington, with an enlisted crew of thirty-one men.

Final Muster Roll, 18 July 1945

The sailors who were aboard the ship that day… those is bold served during the ship’s entire commission as Navy vessel.

Joseph Assevado, Jr., BM1c (T)
Henry William Becker, RM2c (T)
James Edward Beigh, MoMM2c (T)
Orlander Willis Berry, Ck3c
Charles Joseph Blum, S1c
Ferdinand Kennedy Coldwell, EM1c
Sterling Douglas Cooke, PhM2c
Irwyn John Correll, MoMM2c (T)
Carse Laster Etheridge, CMoMM (T)
Beryl Frederick Gabbert, SM2c (T)
Joseph Andrew Garneau, MoMM3c (T)
Raymond Albert Gaskins, QM2c (T)
Thomas James Gillen, S1c (T)
Daniel Francis Hines, GM3c
Harold Legrand Huffstetler, SC2c (T)
Kenneth Kay King, Cox
John Kozel, RM3c (T)
John William Lozier, QM3c (T)
Paul Lee McNinney, EM3c
Richard Melerine, Cox (T)
Stanley Raymond Milavec, MoMM1c (T)
William Palichak, RdM3c, (T)
John Bell Power, SoM2c (T)
Eugene Joseph Ratto, RdM3c (T)
John Richard Shea, S1c (T)
Cecil Monroe Shutt, F1c
Joseph Holmes Smyth, Cox (T)
Edward Adolph Trzaskowski, GM1c (T)
Wilfred Andrew Walsh, MoMM2c (T)
Harold Wheeler, Y1c
Frank John Zanino, SoM2c

News Clippings

As if I don’t have enough to do with my other site and with my photography, I decided to do a search for news clippings about Weaver Shipyards, which built the YMS-75, and then thought I’d check to see if I could find any that specifically mentioned the ship. I found these three in Texas newspapers…

McAllen Monitor, 25 May 1942
Corsicana Semi-Weekly Light, 26 May 1942
Austin American, 27 May 1942

I was hoping to find something related to the ship being turned over to Russia, perhaps in a Seattle or Alaskan newspaper, but no such luck.

Commissioning

As I write this, I know so very little about the USS YMS-75. All I currently have at my disposal—from which I can glean any information—are muster rolls I’ve downloaded from Fold3.com, an Ancestry sister-site that contains military documents.

As noted in my original post, the ship was built in Orange, Texas at Weaver Shipyards, and commissioned there on 22 February 1943. Not counting officers, the ship’s original crew consisted of twenty-four men.

The twenty-four original enlisted crew members

The earliest muster roll on which officers’ names appear is that from 31 March 1943, the first quarterly muster: Lieutenant Richard Rex Parkin, USNR, was the Commanding Officer and Ensign Robert Diefendorf Zucker, USNR, was the Executive Officer.

The Crew

The YMS-75 saw limited service as a Navy vessel, in that it was commissioned on 22 February 1943 and decommissioned 18 July 1945, and then transferred to the USSR. With limited access to information (Navy muster rolls), I’ve been able to determine that at least eighty-three enlisted men and officers served on the ship. I’ve only been able to glean the Commanding Officers and Executive Officers from the cover sheets of the muster rolls, so I suspect I’ll have to obtain deck logs to complete the roster. Rankings/ratings are per each person’s last day on the ship.

Currently, I’m linking the names of the sailors to their Findagrave memorials (if available), some of which have photos or biographical material included. As I find more information, I’ll likely create separate pages within this blog. Names in bold indicate that I’ve spoken with or exchanged emails with someone in that sailor’s family.

Officers:
Elliot Arthur Baines, Ensign, USNR (Executive Officer)
Carol Eugene Coleman, Lieutenant (j.g.) USNR (Executive Officer)
Kenneth Donald Dunckel, Lieutenant (j.g.), USNR (Commanding Officer)
Arthur James McCourt, Lieutenant (j.g.), USNR (Commanding Officer)
Richard Rex Parkin, Lieutenant, USNR (Commanding Officer)
Charles Edwin Pittman, Jr., Ensign, USNR (Executive Officer)
Robert Douglas Zucker, Lieutenant (j.g.), USNR (Executive Officer)

Enlisted men:
Joseph Assevado, Jr., BM1c (T)
Henry William Becker, RM2c (T)
James Edward Beigh, MoMM2c (T)
Daniel Hewitt Berrien, S2c
Orlander Willis Berry, Ck3c
Charles Joseph Blum, S1c
John Daniel Brennan, EM2c
William Edward Brice, Cox
Felix Anthony Bruney, MoMM1c
Edward George Brust, S1c
Morris Isadore Budkofsky, EM3c
Daniel Francis Clifford, Y1c (T)
Ferdinand Kennedy Coldwell, EM1c
Sterling Douglas Cooke, PhM2c
Irwyn John Correll, MoMM2c (T)
Richard John Curtis, GM1c
Julious Hyson Dean, CPhM (T)
James Roy Dobbs, CMoMM (AA)
James Lee Dotson, StM2c
Melvin Joseph Duran, CQM (AA)
Carse Laster Etheridge, CMoMM (T)
Robert MacDonald Ford, QM1c
George Ernest Frenz, GM2c
Beryl Frederick Gabbert, SM2c (T)
Joseph Andrew Garneau, MoMM3c (T)
Raymond Albert Gaskins, QM2c (T)
Harry Graton Gelston, S2c
Thomas James Gillen, S1c (T)
Robert Leroy Goodwin, SM3c
Alan Edward Gosselin, Cox
Irving Joseph Hall, PhM1c
Jesse James Haltom, SC1c
Berlin Hembree, S2c
Daniel Francis Hines, GM3c
Edward Audry Holdgraf, MoMM2c
Harold Legrand Huffstetler, SC2c (T)
Howard Allen Jones, Cox
Kenneth Kay King, Cox
George William Kouloukis, GM3c
John Kozel, RM3c (T)
John William Lozier, QM3c (T)
David Gardner MacIntosh, F1c
Steve Aldo Masone, S1c
Paul Lee McNinney, EM3c
Richard Melerine, Cox (T)
Stanley Raymond Milavec, MoMM1c (T)
Frank Frederick Minnich, S2c
Joseph Vincent Morton, CBM (PA)
Thomas Francis Naylor, CMM (PA)
Richard Gerard O’Connor, MoMM2c
William Palichak, RdM3c, (T)
Edgar Manuel Pate, Jr., SC3c
Ray Eugene Perry, QM3c
John Bell Power, SoM2c (T)
Eugene Joseph Ratto, RdM3c (T)
Thomas Leonard Ray, S2c
Donald Bailey Reed, SoM3c
James Roy Rowan, S2c
Victor Paul Schiers, SM3c
Charles Edward Seeley, (Cox)
John Richard Shea, S1c (T)
Cecil Monroe Shutt, F1c
Clarence Plummer Smith, SC1c (T)
Joseph Holmes Smyth, Cox (T)
Owen Lee Stitt, Jr., S1c
Florian Lawrence Such, S1c
Thomas Ambrose Tallon, SC1c
Edward Adolph Trzaskowski, GM1c (T)
Wilfred Andrew Walsh, MoMM2c (T)
Harold Wheeler, Y1c
Stanley Eugene Will, MoMM1c
William Haynes Yarger, Y2c
Frank John Zanino, SoM2c
Christian Albert Zuber, S1c